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L’examen d’entrée à l’armée, trop de pression ?

2023.06.01 14:07 Psychological-Owl-0 L’examen d’entrée à l’armée, trop de pression ?

Salut à tous et toutes,
Je vous écrit car voilà j’ai 22 ans et j’ai depuis mes 17ans voulus m’engager à l’armée mais mes proches avaient refusé de peur qu’il m’arrive quelque chose et j’ai donc abandonner de force.
Je suis désormais indépendant et en couple avec quelqu’un qui me soutient dans mon projet et l’envie de m’engager m’est revenue.
Je n’ai jamais été un grand écolier et je m’ennuie vite, j’ai toujours voulu rejoindre l’armée et ayant pris le temps de me renseigner sur s’engage.fr afin d’être conscient des engagements à avoir, je me sens d’une part capable de le faire.
Le soucis est là, étant sédentaire depuis 3mois et n’ayant pas été un grand sportif dans ma vie (1.80/80kg) je doute de mes capacités à réussir l’examen d’entrée et de finir juste bredouille et donc d’être recaler…
Comment se passe cet examen ? Est-ce que quelqu’un de lambdas comme moi puisse le réussir sans préparation ? Aviez-vous des notions de base sur le fonctionnement de l’armée / langages militaires ou autres ?
Je prend toutes les expériences afin de me décider à faire le grand saut.
Tl;dr : Est-ce que quelqu’un de lambda physiquement et sans réelle préparation physique peux réussir l’examen d’entrée ? Aviez-vous dès connaissance militaires avant de vous inscrire ? Est-ce cela indispensable ?
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2023.06.01 12:31 kelti-o (Offer) Bones and All Vudu, Top Gun Maverick 4K, Mad Max 2 4K, Mulan 1998 4K, Scream 2022, X-Men Trilogy, Unfriended, Blackhat, Hercules 1997, Little Mermaid 2/3, Finest Hours, Waterworld, SONY BUFF PASS, My List (Requests) Shazam Fury of the Gods MA, anything I don't have and Your Offers/list

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2023.06.01 07:18 bluioinchans 深度:千年血泪史,伊斯兰在印度的扩张

守望者精选公众号的“历史纵览三部曲”系列首先关注极端主义在印度的血腥历史,这段历史长久以来在印度国内外被人忽视甚至掩盖,但是伴随着多年的历史学术成果逐步进入公众意识,它被越来越多的印度人所了解。
穆斯林历史学家菲里什达(Firishta),全名为穆罕默德·卡西姆·赫度(Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah),出生于1560年,逝世于1620年。他是《菲里什达史与高尔杉-易卜拉欣》(Tarikh-i Firishta和Gulshan-Ibrahim)这本书的作者,也是第一个提出这一时期印度穆斯林统治“大屠杀”概念的学者。穆罕默德·卡西姆指出,在穆斯林入侵和占领印度期间,超过4亿印度教教徒被屠杀,幸存者许多沦为奴隶,遭受阉割。1000多年前,在穆斯林入侵的时候,印度的人口据估计已经达到6亿人左右。然而到1500年代中期,印度人口达下降只剩 2亿。
从公元711年倭马亚王朝到公元1858年莫卧儿王朝末期巴哈杜尔·沙·扎法尔的统治(Bahadur Shah Zafar),这段时期被一些史学家大肆吹嘘为伟大的领袖时代。但那时整座城市被烧毁,人口遭大肆屠杀,每场战争会带来几十万人的死亡,还会另外有几十万人沦为奴隶。新入侵者常常都可以用印度教教徒的头骨为自己堆砌一座山丘。因此,当穆斯林军队在公元1000年征服阿富汗之后,印度教族群随即遭受到了种族灭绝,直到今天阿富汗的这个地区仍然被称为印度库什(Hindu Kush),意思就是“印度教教徒的火葬柴堆”.

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[左]曾经的印度文化圈包括今天的巴基斯坦、阿富汗、克什米尔与孟加拉国等
[右]被莫卧儿帝国征服时期的印度
在阿拉伯、土耳其、莫卧儿和阿富汗占领军长达800年的铁蹄下,印度境内的印度教教徒和锡克教徒所遭受的种族灭绝,至今尚未得到世界的承认。
在近代历史唯一类似的种族灭绝是犹太人在纳粹统治期间遭到的屠杀。
针对印度教教徒的大屠杀比针对犹太人的规模更大。当中唯一的区别是对印度教教徒的屠杀持续了800年,一直持续到十七世纪末期。最后这个残酷的政权终于在旁遮普地区的锡克教徒和其他地区印度教马拉他军队的殊死抵抗下被推翻。
对于这个世界上最大规模大屠杀,有详实的目击证人史料依据。入侵军队中的历史学家和传记作者以及后来的印度统治者都留下了相当详细的记录,记录了他们对印度教教徒日复一日的残杀。

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当时的这些历史记录吹嘘所犯下的罪行,并以犯罪为荣。数千万印度教教徒遭受种族灭绝,大量的印度教妇女遭受强奸,成千上万古老的印度教和佛教寺庙和图书馆遭受破坏。这些罪行在历史中都得到了充分的文档记录,成为世界上规模最大的大屠杀的铁证。

科恩拉德·埃尔斯特博士(Dr. Koenraad Elst,著名作家,时政评论家,比利时鲁汶大学博士, 在他的著作《印度教教徒是否曾遭受伊斯兰的种族灭绝?》中指出:
“目前为止,还没有官方统计的印度教教徒遭受伊斯兰教屠杀的死亡人数。通过穆斯林编年史的整体记录可以推断,在超过13个世纪的时间范围内,在一个幅员辽阔的次大陆地域范围内,穆斯林"圣战士"屠杀的印度教教徒人数,远远超过600万大屠杀的数目。穆罕默德·卡西姆记载了几次在印度中部巴马尼素丹[译者:“素丹”是部分伊斯兰教国家君主的称谓](公元1347年-公元1528年)杀死了10万印度教教徒的情况,这仅仅是当他们想要惩罚印度教徒的时候所设定了一个最小的目标;而巴马尼素丹(Bahmani sultans)只是一个第三级的省级王朝。”

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规模最大的屠杀发生马赫穆德·迦兹纳维的突袭中(公元后1000年);北部印度被征服时期;以及在德里素丹国(1206-1526)时期。
埃尔斯特博士还在著作《对印度历史的否定》中写道:
对于印度教教徒来说,持续到十六世纪的穆斯林征服行动是一场赤裸裸的为了生存的殊死搏斗。
整个城市被烧毁,民众被屠杀,每一次战役中都有数十万人被杀,又有相同规模的人被驱逐为奴隶。许多新的入侵者都可以用印度教教徒的头骨为自己堆砌一座山丘。因此,在公元1000年征服阿富汗之后,印度教人口随即遭受到了人种毁灭,直到今天阿富汗的这个地区仍然被称为印度库什,意思就是“印度教教徒的火葬柴堆”。

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威尔·杜兰特(Will Durant 1885-1981,美国作家,历史学家,哲学家)在1935年出版的《文明的故事:东方遗产》中写道(第459页):
“穆罕穆德教徒对印度的征服可能是历史上最血腥的故事。伊斯兰历史学家和学者们极为兴奋地记录下了公元800年到公元1700年期间对印度教教徒的罪行:屠杀,强迫改教,绑架印度教妇女和儿童到奴隶市场,以及伊斯兰战士对寺庙的摧毁。在此期间,数百万印度教教徒在刀剑的威逼下转信伊斯兰。”
弗朗索瓦·戈蒂埃(Francois Gautier,法国政论家,法国《费加罗报》记者)在他的著作《重写印度历史》(1996年)中写道:
“穆斯林在印度持续的屠杀史无前例的。无论与纳粹对犹太人的大屠杀相比,还是与或是土耳其人对亚美尼亚人的屠杀相比,还是与入侵南美的西班牙和葡萄牙人相比,这场屠杀的规模都是更大、更为广泛的。”

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费尔南德·布罗代尔(Fernand Braudel 法国历史学家,被誉为是近代最顶尖的史学家之一)在《文明史》(1995年)中写道, “伊斯兰统治”在印度作为一个“殖民实验”来说是“极端暴力”的,“如果不采取一系列的恐怖措施,穆斯林无法统治这个国家。残忍是常态化的——火刑、即决处决、钉死十字架、刺穿死刑以及其他别出心裁的折磨。印度教寺庙被摧毁,为清真寺腾地方。有时会有强迫人们转换信仰。如果有起义出现,就会立即被残忍地镇压:房屋被烧毁,田地被荒废,男人被屠杀,妇女被当作奴隶。”

费尔南德·布罗代尔
阿兰·丹尼卢(Alain Danielou 法国历史学家)在他的著作《印度的故事》(Histoire de l’ Inde)中写道:
“从公元632年左右穆斯林进入印度开始,印度的历史就变成了一连串的谋杀、屠杀、掠夺和毁灭。像所有的"圣战"一样,这些对印度的摧毁都是以“圣战”的名义进行的,是为了他们唯一的安拉所展开的。最终,野蛮人摧毁了文明,摧毁了整个种族。”

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艾尔·侯赛因(Irfan Husain)在他的文章《过去的恶魔》中评论道:
“虽然应该在时代的背景下判断历史事件,但不可否认的是,即使在这个血腥的历史时期,也没有任何迹象表明印度教徒在征服信德省和旁遮普省南部的阿拉伯人,或从阿富汗扫荡而来的中亚人那里,得到过任何怜悯。历史书中大肆渲染的藐视生命的穆斯林英雄犯下了可怕的罪行。加兹尼的马哈茂德、魁布狄·阿巴克、巴尔班、穆罕默德·本·卡西姆、素丹穆罕默德·特拉克,这些人的双手都沾满的血迹,时间并无法洗涤。在印度教教徒的眼中,穆斯林入侵他们的家园是一场十足的灾难。”
“他们的寺庙被夷为平地,他们的偶像被砸碎,他们的妇女被强奸,他们的男人被杀或被奴役。加兹尼的马哈茂德每年都会袭击索姆纳特,有一年他在进攻时屠杀了五万名居民。艾巴克杀害并奴役几十万人。这些恐怖罪行的清单是冗长且令人心痛的。征服者们常常合理化自己的行为,声称他们是出于宗教义务行事,也就是摧毁不信教的人。他们把自己掩盖在伊斯兰教的旗帜之下,声称他们正为信仰而战,实际上他们正在放纵自己赤裸裸的地进行屠杀和掠夺......”

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以下是一例印度征服战争中入侵者与统治者留下的第一手目击史料:
阿富汗统治者马哈茂德·加兹尼在公元1001年至公元1026年间入侵印度不少于十七次。他的秘书撰写的《探索者-雅米妮》(Tarikh-i-Yamini)中记录了他几次血腥军事活动的经历:
“异教徒的血在印度的塔内萨尔流淌,河水已经变色,河水无法抵抗这种污染,人们已经无法饮用…异教徒离弃他们的城市,试图穿过冒着血泡的河流…但是他们中的许多人被杀,或被淹死…近五万人死亡。”
在当时的历史记录《泰玖玛索》(Taj-ul-Ma’asir’)中,哈桑·尼扎姆-伊奈沙乌利(Hassn Nizam -i- Naishapuri)说,当艾巴克 ,突厥-阿富汗血统和德里的第一个素丹,公元1194年-1210年征服了密鲁特(Meerat)时,他摧毁了这座城市所有的印度教寺庙,并在寺庙原有的地基上建了清真寺。在阿利加尔市,艾巴克用武力将印度教居民带入伊斯兰教,并将所有坚守自己宗教的人斩首。
波斯历史学家瓦沙夫在他的著作《Tazjiyat-ul-Amsar wa Tajriyat ul Asar》中写道,公元前1295年至公元1316年印度基尔吉王朝的第二个统治者,土耳其出身的阿富汗人·基尔吉(Alau-Din Khilji)夺取了在坎贝湾顶部的坎比亚特市,并为伊斯兰荣耀杀死了印度教成年男性居民,血流成河。同时,他将妇女以及金银珠宝掠夺带到自己的家中,并使2万印度教少女沦为他的私人奴隶。

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基尔吉的军队
印度有着深厚悠久的文化历史。印度教始于公元前1500年左右,大约在公元前6世纪左右佛教就诞生于此地。这种文化孕育了出色的知识、宗教和艺术追求。在伊斯兰教统治之前以及伊斯兰统治阶段的早期,印度的学者把他们在科学、数学、医学、哲学等方面的成果带到世界许多地方,包括当时穆斯林统治的巴格达。零、代数、几何、十进制系统、所谓的阿拉伯数字实际上都发源于印度,而非阿拉伯人发明。
世界多地的学者都来印度的学院求学。 印度的儿童,无论是男孩还是女孩,都能接受比较普遍的教育,印度的艺术和建筑都是宏伟壮阔的。印度民族是一个富裕的民族。
随后,伊斯兰进入印度,带来了屠杀、奴役、强奸、暴力、掠夺;破坏宗教场所、艺术和建筑;贫穷、剥削、屈辱、饥荒、强迫改教、知识追求的退化、社会的破坏与社会弊病的恶化。
对伊斯兰教来说,任何不是伊斯兰教的东西都来自于“无知的时代”,或称“贾西利亚”(Jahiliyya) 。贾西利亚的东西要么必须被摧毁,要么被挪用称为伊斯兰的。来自伊斯兰的冲击促成了流浪的吉卜赛人的诞生,摧毁了印度教信仰的阿富汗,促成了伊斯兰化的巴基斯坦(克什米尔)与孟加拉国的诞生。
穆斯林的入侵给印度文明在生命、财富以及文化上都造成了巨大的打击。
数据评估显示,仅在1000年至1525年之间,印度就有6千万-8千万人口丧命于穆斯林入侵者的刀下,(这是印度的人口在这500年间萎缩的数量)。(详见学术依据清单第二条,P216)。这个是否不可思议?在1971年的孟加拉国独立战争中,巴基斯坦军队在9个月内导致150万到300万人死亡。
据生活于公元1560年到公元1620年的菲里什达估算,遭到穆斯林残酷屠杀的印度教徒的总共人数约为4亿人,而不是6千万-8千万。依照此数据估算,遭到奴役的印度人也是一个无比巨大的数目。
伊斯兰历史学家和学者们极为兴奋地记录下了在公元800年到公元1700年期间被伊斯兰战士对印度教徒的罪行:屠杀、强迫改教、诱拐印度教妇女和儿童到奴隶市场、以及摧毁寺庙,并以此为豪。在这段期间,数千万的印度教徒受剑迫使改信伊斯兰教。 (详见学术依据清单第二条,P201)。

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前纽约论坛报记者萨利姆(Rizwan Salim)1997年在《印度斯坦时报》(Hindustan Times)中描述了入侵者的真实行径:
“从本世纪初开始,文明程度很低、没有文化价值的野蛮人从阿拉伯和西亚开始进入印度。伊斯兰入侵者摧毁了无数的印度教寺庙,粉碎了无数的雕塑和偶像,掠夺了无数的印度国王的城堡和宫殿,杀死了大量的印度人,并带走了印度教妇女……但许多印度人似乎并不承认外来穆斯林掠夺者摧毁了地球上最先进的文明、最丰富想象力的文化、最具有积极创造性社会的历史演进。”(详见学术依据清单第二条,P179)

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当然,印度在伊斯兰到来之前也有过战争,但奴役、蹂躏、屠杀、破坏宗教场所,破坏农作物与杀害农民的行为并不是印度人的战争模式。战争通常是军队之间在开阔地进行的 (详见学术依据清单第二条,P205-207),并没有“战利品”的概念,所以印度人对伊斯兰的攻击毫无准备。本土印度人被迫逃到丛林和山区,否则就要面对残酷的剥削和税收、屠杀或奴役,与此同时他们的社会遭到羞辱与毁灭。在伊斯兰统治时期,穆斯林不断攻击本土居民和崇拜偶像的族群。穆斯林将军、酋长和王子互相之间也不断地发动战争。(详见学术依据清单第二条,P205)。
奴隶制
历史上的“印度”包括今天的阿富汗、巴基斯坦、孟加拉国和克什米尔,而经过一千多年的战争的打击与蚕食,今天印度的面积仅仅是历史上的一半。

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[左 ]曾经的印度文明的疆域 [右]近代印度的版图(黄色部分)
在伊斯兰占领前的七世纪阿富汗,印度教和佛教盛行。在16世纪,阿富汗被穆斯林莫卧儿帝国和波斯的萨法维王朝(什叶派穆斯林)瓜分。
最初,信仰不虔诚的倭马亚(Umayyads)统治者允许印度教教徒拥有低级的迪米(顺民dhimmi)地位。可能是因为印度教教徒数众多、对伊斯兰教的反抗以及他们作为税收收入来源的价值。但是这违反了伊斯兰教经书与法律,其明确规定拜偶像和多神教者只能在被处死或者改信伊斯兰之间选择。公元1236年,当被问及为什么没有让印度教教徒在死亡与伊斯兰之间做选择时,素丹伊勒杜米什(Iltutmish)回答说:
“目前在印度的穆斯林很少…他们就像盐就像盐一样散在一个大盘子里…但是过些年日,在首都,各个地区以及所有的小镇,当穆斯林群体壮大并拥有更大的军队时…让印度教教徒选择死亡或伊斯兰教就成为可能(详见学术依据清单第5条,P538)。

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素丹伊勒杜米什 (在位年份:公元后1211 – 1236)
尽管被给予所谓的迪米(dhimmi)顺民地位,大规模屠杀、强迫改教和奴役依然贯穿施行在伊斯兰统治的整个时期,甚至直到20世纪,因为许多穆斯林要求多神教者要么选择伊斯兰,要么选择死亡。印度教的武装抵抗者和男性被屠杀,妇女和儿童被奴役。小男孩被阉割沦为奴隶。
在历史记载中,通常没有实际数字来记录这些行为的规模,只会记载“无数俘虏、奴隶”或“所有的妇女和孩子都被掳走”。在少数有数字记录的时候,这些数字都是高的可怕的。除了把人当作战利品以外,穆斯林们还拿走了所有他们能拿的东西:硬币、珠宝、衣服、家具、偶像、动物、谷物等等。对于拿不走的东西,就摧毁它们。
穆斯林统治者是外国人。直到13世纪为止,大多数奴隶都会被从印度送走。但在公元1206年德里素丹统治时期开始之后,奴隶会被留下来为素丹国工作,他们会被贩卖到印度或在其他地方。也有奴隶是从外国进口的,穆斯林军队是由来自不同国域的皈依伊斯兰的奴隶组成的,其中包括从印度教被强迫改教的奴隶。

在入侵的穆斯林看来,奴隶是真主所承诺的战利品,俘获奴隶是圣战的强大动机。(奴隶制相关经文《古兰经》2:178,4:24,8:69,16:75,23:5-6,24:32,33:50)
穆斯林编年史作者乌特比(Utbi)在谈到素丹苏布庭津(Subuktigin)发动的掳奴突袭时这样记载:“奴隶的数量是如此的庞大,以至于变得非常便宜,人被贬斥…但这是安拉的仁慈,安拉会赐给信仰自己的人荣誉,并让不信的人受到贬斥。”(详见学术依据清单第九条,P166)”。
在信德省(第一个被成功袭击的地区),早期的“穆斯林”社区主要由被迫改信伊斯兰教的奴隶和少数阿拉伯主人组成。(详见学术依据清单第二条,P 299)
公元712-715年,瓦利德哈里发(‘哈里发’是伊斯兰国最高领袖的称呼)派来了征服信德省的军队,由卡西姆率领。在3年战役中俘获了30万奴隶。(详见学术依据清单第二条, P 299, 第十条, P109)。穆斯林战士从各地来到这里参加‘圣战’。卡西姆突然被召回并被处决,可能是被缝在动物的皮毛里面而死,因为据说他非礼了为哈里发后宫准备的两个信德族嫔妃(详见学术依据清单第一条,P439).

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素丹马哈茂德·加兹尼
来自阿富汗的土耳其人素丹马哈茂德·加兹尼(Mahmud Ghazni)生活于公元997年到公元1030年。他对印度教教徒发动了17次袭击战争,向阿富汗加纳输送了数十万的奴隶,造成约200万人口的流失,有的被杀害,有的被奴役押往国外 。(详见学术依据清单第二条,P315)。
编年史作者,素丹的秘书者乌特比的者提供了一些数字,比如穆斯林军队将20万名俘虏带回了阿富汗给加兹尼。公元1019年,53,000人被带走沦为奴隶。这段时间哈里发获得所有战利品的五分之一,也就是有15万奴隶,这意味着共有75万名俘虏。在瓦辛德的一次战役中50万人沦为奴隶,乌比特记录称:
“在黑暗的乌云之下,刀剑像闪电一样闪烁,鲜血像喷泉般涌出,又像坠落的星星一样流动。安拉的朋友击败了他们的对手…穆斯林对安拉的异教徒敌人实施他们的复仇,杀死了15,000人…让他们成为野兽的食物和鸟类的猎物…安拉也赐给他的朋友们如此多的战利品,超过了所有的想象和计算,其中包括50万名奴隶,美丽的男人和女人。”(详见学术依据清单第二条, P191)
加兹尼王朝的“旁遮普邦素丹国”从公元977年一直统治到1186年。其对在克什米尔、汉西和旁遮普省的攻击导致了大规模的屠杀和奴役。例如在公元1079年的进攻造成了10万人死亡和沦为奴隶。(详见学术依据清单第二条, P553)
后来的德里素丹国是从加兹尼王朝演化出来的,在当时的将领,后来的统治者艾巴克(Qutbuddin Aibak,1206年-1210年在位) 之下,屠杀、奴役、强迫改教、掠夺和摧毁寺庙一直持续,奴隶“资源”变得非常丰富。1195年,艾巴克从布希姆(RajaBhim)获得了2万名奴隶。1202年从卡林贾尔(Kalinjar)获得了5万名奴隶。(详见学术依据清单第六条, P553)。
艾巴克的陵墓,今位于巴基斯坦第二大城市拉合尔
据载:
“即使是贫穷的穆斯林也成了众多奴隶的主人。(详见学术依据清单第二条,P537)。
在13-14世纪,基尔吉(Khilji)和图格拉克王朝(Tughlaq)的统治时期,随着伊斯兰的扩张,奴隶制也不断壮大。每天都有上千的奴隶被廉价出售(详见学术依据清单第二条, P280)。德里的素丹·基尔吉(Alau-Din Khilji 1296年-1316年在位)俘获了数量巨大的奴隶,他将他们套上镣铐、绑上锁链进行羞辱。
仅仅劫掠索姆纳特这个地方,就“俘虏了许多美貌优雅的少女,多达2万名,同时还抓获男女幼童,数不胜数。穆斯林将这个国家彻底毁灭,摧毁了居民的生活,掠夺了城市,夺取了他们的后代。”(详见学术依据清单第二条, P540)
有5万名男性奴隶贴身伺候,7万名奴隶不间断地为他修建宫殿里 (详见学术依据清单第五条, P541) 。女性采取自焚或自杀的形式避免遭受奴役和强奸,在丈夫死亡时殉死。

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近期的印度电影中的素丹·基尔吉
苏菲派穆斯林·阿米尔·胡斯劳(Sufi Amir Khusrau)指出,“无论何时,只要他们喜欢,土耳其人可以任意逮捕、买卖任何印度教教徒。”
奴役和阉割
太监:在伊斯兰世界各处,被征服者都会遭受阉割,包括在印度。 这样做是为了让太监管理后宫,满足统治者的肉体放纵,受阉割也会加强对统治者的忠诚,因为太监没有建立自己家庭的可能。当然,这样可以迅速减少被征服者的繁衍数量。
在穆斯林统治时期,阉割是一种常见的做法,这可能导致印度人口从公元1000年时的2亿人减少到公元1500年时的1.7亿人(详见学术依据清单第二条,P314)。
素丹巴赫蒂耶尔·基尔吉在公元1205年征服孟加拉后,其成为了最大的阉割奴隶的供应地。这种情况一直持续到公元1526年至公元1857年的莫卧儿帝国时期。
阿克巴大帝(Akbar the Great 公元1556年-公元1605年)拥有太监。阿克巴的儿子贾汗季(Jahangir)的部下恰加特(Chaghtai)拥有1200名太监!在奥朗则布(Aurangzeb)的统治下,1659年在高康达(Golkunda),22,000名男孩被阉割进贡给穆斯林统治者和总督,或者被出售(详见学术依据清单第二条,P313)。
之前提到的素丹·基尔吉(Alauddin Khilji)个人有5万名男童奴隶伺候; 素丹穆罕默德·图格鲁克(Muhammad Tughlaq)(公元1325年-公元1351年)有2万名名男童奴隶,素丹菲罗兹·图格鲁克(Firoz Tughlaq)(公元1351年-公元1388年)有4万名男童奴隶。菲罗兹·图格鲁克喜欢以各种各样的方式收集男孩,他共有18万名奴隶(详见学术依据清单第五条,P542)。几个素丹的指挥官是太监。穆斯林历史学家记录了素丹马哈茂德·加兹尼、素丹艾巴克(Qutbuddin Aibak)和素丹西坎达尔·罗迪(Sikandar Lodi)对英俊的年轻男孩的迷恋。素丹马哈茂德对他的印度指挥官蒂拉克(Tilak)着迷。
总结:
历史记载中的穆斯林对整个印度所实施的非人类行为,与伊斯兰教派和民族关系不大。无论这些穆斯林是苏菲派、阿拉伯人、阿富汗人、土耳其人,还是莫卧儿帝国时期的穆斯林,他们都遵循伊斯兰教法、伊斯兰经典和穆罕默德的榜样。
在这里还应指出的是,在穆斯林对印度掌握实质控制权后,暴力和奴役仍在继续,因为他们的目标不仅是要征服土地,而是要迫使所有人都归入伊斯兰。穆斯林来到印度不是要加入印度社会,而是要将其抹掉,并以伊斯兰教取代之,因为他们认为自己是一切的主人,这些都是安拉承诺的战利品。他们认为,异教徒、多神教者要么选择转信伊斯兰,要么选择死亡,只有这样才能实现伊斯兰的和平。他们认为奴隶是伊斯兰战士的正当奖赏,是安拉承诺的战利品之一。
写在最后
任何了解过的人都会同意,这的确是一段不堪回首的历史。虽然时至今日在正走向现代化道路的印度已经很难想象类似的屠杀再次发生,但是伊斯兰暴恐似乎仍然在延续,并且有愈演愈烈之势。
美国国务院2016年的恐怖主义报告显示,印度在2016年遭恐怖袭击的次数为世界第三,达927次,造成337人死亡,印度遭袭击次数比2015年上升16%,死亡人数上升17%。第一和第二名分别为伊拉克(2956次袭击)和阿富汗(1340次袭击),巴基斯坦位于印度之后位列世界第四。

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可见,今天印度的安全局势丝毫不容乐观。2008年孟买连环恐怖袭击就是一个血淋淋的案例,发生在11月的印度金融中心孟买发生的连环恐怖袭击,造成至少195人死亡,313人受伤。除了一起汽车炸弹袭击之外,所有的袭击事件都发生在孟买南区。部分迹象指出恐怖袭击可能与发动九一一袭击事件的基地组织有所关联。


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火光闪烁,硝烟四起的孟买泰姬陵塔酒店
在孟买南区12处不同地点的袭击,几乎同时发生,大多是孟买的标志性建筑和旅游胜地。当日晚间10:30,包括印度最繁忙的火车站希瓦吉火车站、两间五星级酒店(奥布罗伊酒店和泰姬陵塔酒店)、著名旅游餐厅里奥帕德咖啡馆、卡马医院、孟买南区警察总部等多处,分別遭遇了恐怖分子的无差別扫射枪击、手榴弹爆炸以及就地处决等多起袭击。
印度、巴基斯坦与孟加拉国
更加骇人听闻的流血事件发生在1971孟加拉国独立战争期间,当时的巴基斯坦军队支持伊斯兰主义者武装力量进行大肆的破坏与屠杀,根据BBC的报道,共造成高达300万人死亡,20-40万妇女遭强奸。但是许多伊斯兰教职人员颁布了教法法令许可强奸孟加拉妇女,尤其是印度教妇女,称这是“圣战”。战争期间,在巴基斯坦颁布的一个教法法令称孟加拉自由战士的女人可以被当作“战利品”俘获。

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更加骇人听闻的流血事件发生在1971孟加拉国独立战争期间,当时的巴基斯坦军队支持伊斯兰主义者武装力量进行大肆的破坏与屠杀,根据BBC的报道,共造成高达300万人死亡,20-40万妇女遭强奸。但是许多伊斯兰教职人员颁布了教法法令许可强奸孟加拉妇女,尤其是印度教妇女,称这是“圣战”。战争期间,在巴基斯坦颁布的一个教法法令称孟加拉自由战士的女人可以被当作“战利品”俘获。
在孟加拉从巴基斯坦独立战争中被杀害的平民知识分子
这场战争的屠杀与逃亡使得孟加拉国家的印度教人口数量遭到重挫,上文提到过,位于当今印度东边的孟加拉国历史上属于印度教文明圈,几乎全为印度教徒。伴随伊斯兰的扩张,印度教人口持续下降,在近代和现代也是如此。
见下图:(横坐标为年份,纵坐标为印度教人口比例, 根据孟加拉国人口普查数据绘制)

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人口损失严重,孟加拉国伊斯兰化几乎完成
如今孟加拉国已经超过90%为伊斯兰人口,即将变成第二个阿富汗(阿富汗在伊斯兰到来前也曾印度教文化圈,曾几乎100%印度教徒)
权威统计机构,美国皮尤中心发布的数据,2010年孟加拉穆斯林人口为90.4%

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人口损失严重,孟加拉国伊斯兰化几乎完成
如今孟加拉国已经超过90%为伊斯兰人口,即将变成第二个阿富汗(阿富汗在伊斯兰到来前也曾印度教文化圈,曾几乎100%印度教徒)
权威统计机构,美国皮尤中心发布的数据,2010年孟加拉穆斯林人口为90.4%
一个更佳令人担忧的现象是,即便是面对以高生育率著称的印度教徒,伊斯兰人口的生育率也更胜一筹。如图:

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数据来自权威统计机构,美国皮尤中心

从2010年到2050年,在印度的印度教徒比例将从80%下降到76.7%,穆斯林比例将从14.2上升到18.4%。2050年,印度将同时是世界上印度教教徒最多的国家,也将是全球穆斯林最多的国家。

越来越多的印度人开始了解了自己的文明过去1000多年的血泪史,并且看见了当今愈发严峻的形势,因此奋发图强加入反对伊斯兰主义的行列,为自己和后代捍卫印度的历史与文化。

今年2月,100,000名印度人在加尔各答市举行了声势浩大的和平示威,以表达反对暴恐与伊斯兰主义的决心。他们高举支持特朗普的标语,还声称印度已经与伊斯兰主义挣扎了1200年。

他们相信,把西方白左的“政治正确”扔出窗外的特朗普能够整合全球爱好和平的人们的力量反对极端主义。这也是为什么2016年特朗普总统竞选期间也得到了印度裔美国人的大力支持,特朗普甚至还专门录制了印地语的拉票广告。

印度现任总理纳伦德拉·莫迪也是承载着这样的民意洪流而顺利当选的,在民众心目中,他对暴恐手段强硬并且以印度主体民族的身份与文化为豪。莫迪的民意支持率在印度也一直高居不下。

当然任何政治现象都是复杂的,笔者无意将印度的民族主义兴起、印度人对特朗普的支持、以及穆迪与特朗普密切关系简单归结于一个原因。这背后必定还有许多的因素(比如经济、外交、地缘政治等等),但是信仰与文明形态是一个文明的内核、文明的心脏,而当越来越多的民众意识到文明的内核与血脉遭到根本的挑战时,其必成为塑造国家政治走向的根本原因。

因此,想理解当今印度国内政治氛围的走向以及印美关系,就必须了解印度不堪回首的血泪史以及当今严峻的伊斯兰主义全球蔓延的局势。了解印度的这个最根本的维度也符合中国的国家利益,能够帮助中国在大国博弈中避免不必要的冲突,并在良竞争中占得先机。

莫迪伴随着印度教民族主义的兴起而成功“上位”,这一现象需要谨慎辩证的去观察与分析,对印度与周边国家可谓是机遇与风险并存,反恐这一重大课题也要避免操之过急而走极端,而是稳健法制反恐去伊斯兰化(详见笔者在此文末尾提议的全面措施:西方暴恐危局给人们什么教训?十大瞬间揭露白左双标)

但从当今印度的局势似乎看到了一个恒久不变的道理:识时务者为俊杰,理解主体社会根本诉求的人,必定能得到广大民众的拥护与爱戴。
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2023.06.01 03:17 CounterFrosty But she’s my first

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2023.06.01 02:07 theycallmewinning Picking a master's - what do you think?

Tl;Dr - should I double down on my subject or branch out a little?
Background: I'm a history grad, about ten years out of college, who works as a campaigner, lobbyist, and all-around technician/infielder for political campaigns and organizations. (I think "operative" is a pretentious word and I hate using it.)
Problem: I have always wanted to teach and I'm in a position at work that I can finally go back to school - as student, teach, or both. I have been advised to adjunct at a local community college. So far, so good - I've always wanted to go to grad school, I can take evening classes for a terminal master's while working, and I require a master's at minimum to adjunct.
Question: should I pursue an MA in history, or something else? Political science, labor and workplace studies, ethnic studies, English geography, or environmental science all touch my areas of interest and work life. I speak two additional languages and have always wanted to learn ASL, too.
To be clear - I'm applying for the Spring 2023/Fall 2024 term, for a terminal master's, in my state. I just don't know for what.
Would it be a better idea to get a different degree than my undergraduate one, or to double down on history?
Assume the same costs and the same time commitment.
To be clear, I enjoyed my major immensely - history was good and fun and challenging and I don't have any hangups about employability - I'm sufficiently good at my current job that I'll probably have no problem finding work for as long as civil society of some sort exists.
submitted by theycallmewinning to careeradvice [link] [comments]


2023.06.01 01:28 ag5airplane (SELLING) 4K The Predator, Thor Love & Thunder, Catwoman Hunted, many HD's

All movies $3 unless noted otherwise. Payments via Venmo, or Paypal family and friends.
All HD except for some 4K at the top.
4K (MA unless noted)
The Predator $4 
HD Complete Series & Seasons
Little House on the Prairie season 2 (Vudu) $4.50 
MA (HD)
Avengers Infinity War Bourne Identity $3.50 Deadpool 2 (includes Super Duper Cut) Dr. Seuss' The Lorax Getaway (Ethan Hawke 2013) $2.50 Hail, Caesar! $3 Iron Man 3 Jumanji Welcome to the Jungle Kingsman The Golden Circle The New Mutants The Peanuts Movie Philadelphia (code only for use in region B) $2.50 The Revenant Riddick Director's Sherlock Holmes Game of Shadows Ted (unrated) Thor Ragnarok X-Men Apocalypse 
Vudu / iTunes (HD)
A Quiet Place (Vudu / iTunes) A Cabin in the Woods (Vudu / iTunes) All is Lost (Vudu) $4 Clueless (Vudu / iTunes) $4 Dredd (iTunes) Escape From Planet Earth (animated) (Vudu) The Hunger Games Mockingjay part 2 (Vudu or iTunes) Knives Out (code ONLY valid to redeem in the UK) Sin City A Dame to Kill For (Vudu) $3.50 Spongebob the Movie, Sponge Out of Water (split code - Vudu only) Star Trek Beyond (split code - Vudu or iTunes) $2.50 Twilight Breaking Dawn P.2 (split code - Vudu or iTunes) $1.50 
Other (HD)
ULTRAMAN (from cards from USA blu-ray sets - USES Spree website): 01 $4 Ultra Q 01 $4 unknown Spree code, probably an Ultraman series, unused $3 
submitted by ag5airplane to DigitalCodeSELL [link] [comments]


2023.06.01 01:16 Arizonapocalypse Check This Candied Castrol Corvette C7 Gr.3 livery!

Check This Candied Castrol Corvette C7 Gr.3 livery! submitted by Arizonapocalypse to granturismo [link] [comments]


2023.06.01 01:09 Arizonapocalypse This Candied Castrol Corvette C7 Gr.3 livery

This Candied Castrol Corvette C7 Gr.3 livery submitted by Arizonapocalypse to GranTurismo7 [link] [comments]


2023.06.01 00:09 EvaRaw666 Pacientes abandonados y con frío: Denuncian que los 34 hospitales porteños padecen la falta de calefacción Hay casos donde hace más de siete años que se rompieron las calderas y la administración porteña no las arregló.. gestión pro..

Pacientes abandonados y con frío: Denuncian que los 34 hospitales porteños padecen la falta de calefacción Hay casos donde hace más de siete años que se rompieron las calderas y la administración porteña no las arregló.. gestión pro.. submitted by EvaRaw666 to Republica_Argentina [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 23:43 OMGISTHATMETHMAN Full Card for AEW Dynamite today

Full Card for AEW Dynamite today submitted by OMGISTHATMETHMAN to AEWOfficial [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 23:16 NickFromLRF Chicago Area Workshop on Treatment Options

Hello all - Nick Guercio from the Lymphoma Research Foundation here. On June 17th, we have a unique opportunity for lymphoma patients and survivors to learn and meet each other in Chicago. This workshop is co-chaired by Dr. Justin Kline from the University of Chicago and Dr. Shuo Ma from Northwestern University and features discussions on current and evolving treatment options and allows people to ask direct questions & meet people with their specific lymphoma type.
This is a once a year opportunity in Chicago to get direct information and to meet others with your type of lymphoma that people hate hearing they missed, so I wanted to share.
This program is free for people affected with lymphoma and their loved ones; however, pre- registration is required. Breakfast and lunch will be provided for all registered attendees.
There is still room, so please take a look at the agenda and register here if you are interested: https://lymphoma.org/chicagoworkshop/
Please let me know if you have any questions!
submitted by NickFromLRF to lymphoma [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 22:35 Grouchy_Twist8474 My grandmother is disrespectful and I seem to be the only person who cares.

TL;DR - My family doesn’t respect me and I’m ready to cut them off. My grandmother's disrespect is not ok and I won't tolerate it.
I (19F) am a college student headed into my 3rd/junior year. As an upperclassman, I am not guaranteed student housing, therefore, I have to find an apartment. Since I do not have any credit or a steady job, my maternal grandparents have agreed to help me and my girlfriend (20F) get a place for the next semester. The thing is, my grandmother (65F) is disrespectful and I seem to be the only one who cares.
This past weekend, my family stayed at my grandmother’s to celebrate Memorial Day, especially since my grandfather (67M) is a veteran (They are not together btw). This was the first time I have stayed at my grandmother’s since an incident last year which I will get into later. Just know that after that incident, I cut any unnecessary contact with her. For months she was blocked and anything she needed to tell me came through my mother (37F).
Since everyone was under 1 roof, we decided to have a conversation about getting me an apartment. My grandparents told me that my girlfriend and I need to find at least 3 places within the next 2 weeks so we can all start pooling money together and secure a place before they’re all gone. My gf and I agreed.
The following day, I go to my mom to help me understand some language pertaining to leasing options to make sure I understood what was being said. My mom tells me, “You know they’re just gonna find you a place, right?” At first, I thought she was joking but remembered how my family is. They constantly just do things for me without asking me what I want or how I feel about it since “they know what’s best”. While I appreciate it, the things they do, I don’t want or don’t benefit me how they think it does. Anyway, I told my mom “No, they asked us to find a place and that’s what we will do. After that, the 4 of us can have a discussion about what we have chosen.”
My mom then tells me that since it's my grandmother’s money she gets to have things her way. I told my mom a few things: 1.) It’s not just her money so it’s not just her say. By that logic, my grandfather gets a say too. 2.) Neither of them will be living there nor will they be close by (I go to school 8-10 hours from them). My girlfriend and I get a say as well. Even if they don’t want to hear from her, they should want to hear from me. 3.) Neither of them has come to me with any issues about anything. If they have a problem, I’d like to hear it from them.
We go back and forth about this for a while. Then she tells me that in order to get what I want that I need to approach my grandmother in a certain way; a way that’s not as “passionate” because then she feels disrespected and not heard. I admit that when I don’t feel heard that I get agitated and don’t create space for the other person to be heard so I agreed with her.
Here’s where the issue really starts: I told my mother that I can agree to calm down and hear my grandmother out, but she needs to do the same. My grandmother is notorious for not listening to other people. She only hears herself and thinks that she’s right about everything. Even when proven wrong, she’s still right. Or at least won’t admit that she was wrong.
When I tell my mom that I need to be listened to as well, she replies, “She (my grandmother) isn’t gonna change. That’s just how she is.” So I told her that if my grandmother won’t listen to me then why should I listen to her? Another back and forth happens. Now I’m crying because I’m so overwhelmed that my mom can’t see how much of an issue this is. She wants me to just ignore my grandmother’s behavior, say “Yes ma’am”, and move along. No. 1.) I’m not going to agree with something that I don’t genuinely agree with. 2.) Respect is respect; it’s a 2-way street. If I am not given any then I will not give any. I don’t care who you are.
My mom then drags me into the room my grandfather is staying in to prove to me that my grandmother hasn’t changed in the past 40 years. Again, I don’t care. I will not be forced to blindly agree to anything nor will I be overlooked. I moved away, gained my voice, and I will use it. I don’t yell at them, I don’t cuss at them, I don’t (initially) catch an attitude. However, if I have a question, I’m going to ask. If I disagree, I’m going to let you know. Also, I’m not the only one involved, my girlfriend is too. I’m not going to subject her to whatever just because my grandmother said so. Absolutely not.
Anyway, my mom is still trying to prove this point of my grandmother won’t change and I need to listen to her and keep my mouth shut. She then tries to make excuses for my grandmother saying that I don’t know what really happened in her youth and how the things she went through change a person and their traumas can reappear in their adulthood. I don’t discredit that. Her mother dies when she was 11, she’s 1 of 9, and she was expected to help raise her 4 younger brothers. That’s all I know and I’m sure there’s much more. But, none of those things are an excuse for her behavior or treatment of others.
Many people have tried to call her out and she brushes them off. Everyone else just ignores her or gives in to her. All of that has enabled her behavior, now she feels entitled in it. I did it for 17 years. Not anymore. I say all of this to my mom and grandfather; both of them stay on their - more my mom’s - point. All of this has caused me to feel more overwhelmed with anger, disrespect, loneliness, etc.
I try one last attempt at getting my mother to recognize that ignoring this behavior is not ok. I bring up how last year should’ve been the catalyst for talking to my grandmother about her behavior. She pushed me, tried to put me in a chokehold, talked me to the ground, pulled my hair, then proceeded to say I had anger issues and needed help after I called her by her government name and pushed her back. She also put her hands on my godsister, who was 2 days away from her 18th birthday. She also called the cops on both of us to have us arrested. All of this because she couldn’t find a set of keys and my godsister came to pick me up after things got heated.
Me and my godsister called our mothers that day and explained what had happened and, same as today, my mom just told me to calm down and let my grandmother do whatever she wants. As I explain all of this to my mom, she sits down, straight-faced, and tells me that I need to go calm down in my room or take a walk because she “can’t hear me when” when I “talk like this”. Basically, she’s blocked me out since I’m crying. I told her “I don’t even care if you’re listening, I just need to say this in front of you and get it out of my system.” She keeps telling me to calm down. She I ask her what’s the difference between me now and when she comes home from work screaming and yelling at me and my siblings over an issue at work? She walked away.
All of this has just reminded me why I moved away for school to begin with and solidified my wanting to cut off my grandmother completely. My mother has not been added to the list. At this point, I’m only in contact with her because of my siblings; we love a parentified child lol.
submitted by Grouchy_Twist8474 to family [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 20:02 YouthEducational8898 Are these photos good?

Are these photos good?
I take pictures for fun with my phone. Are these photos good???? Just asking in case I take photography seriously in the future. Any complaints? And tips
submitted by YouthEducational8898 to AskPhotography [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 19:52 mclovindee [US][Selling] Kakegurui, Ubel Blatt, Eden’s Zero, Golden Kamuy and more

Hey everyone selling off some series I no longer want in an effort to downsize. Any additional photos needed please ask.
Free shipping for sales at $35.
NOT Splitting any sets at this time
Timestamp: https://imgur.com/a/maTabx7
Ubel Blatt vols 0-2, 5, 7-9 (G3): $130
Golden Kamuy vols 1-20 (G4-G5): $160
Kakegurui 1-11 + Twin 1-6 (G3-G4):$140
Edens Zero vols 1-18 (G5): $145
AOT vol 34 Kino Variant w/Board(G5 sealed): $40
No Guns Life vols 1-3 (G5): $25
Slam Dunk vols 1-3: $20
Komi 1-4 (G5): $23
Dr Stone 1-2,4 and Reboot (G5): $23
Random Singles (G4-G5): $7/each (Murcielago, Fire Punch, Re zero manga, Danmachi Manga, Baccano LN, Solo leveling LN, Akame 0)
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2023.05.31 19:16 ApprehensiveOlive186 Anything worth grading?

Anything worth grading?
Just sent my first submission to psa, did I leave anything out? I packed the lugias just now and probably should’ve submitted the cd promos, but anything else?
submitted by ApprehensiveOlive186 to Pokemoncardappraisal [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 19:02 Bobby_Brutus Went looking for Spidey at my LCS today and didn’t leave disappointed.

Went looking for Spidey at my LCS today and didn’t leave disappointed. submitted by Bobby_Brutus to comicbookcollecting [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 18:57 Yaazarai Graphics Pipeline & Swapchain produce wrong clear color.

Project Link for reference: https://github.com/Yaazarai/TinyVulkan-Dynamic
I have a clear color I pass to my renderer in RGBA format. The problem is that any clear color with a zero alpha it doesn't respect the alpha channel. For example purple clear color 0.1f, 0.0f, 0.1f, 0.0f should show up as black with an opaque window and clear with GLFW transparent enabled. But as you can see in the images below I do not get that effect.
I believe the issue is with the Swapchain using VK_COMPOSITE_ALPHA_OPAQUE_BIT_KHR forcing an alpha of 1 on the window surface. However it seems that Vulkan is only returning VK_COMPOSITE_ALPHA_OPAQUE_BIT_KHR for supported surface compositing modes with vkSurfaceCapabilities.
Otherwise I believe my blend mode is correct:
VkPipelineColorBlendAttachmentState colorBlendAttachment{}; colorBlendAttachment.colorWriteMask = VK_COLOR_COMPONENT_R_BIT VK_COLOR_COMPONENT_G_BIT VK_COLOR_COMPONENT_B_BIT VK_COLOR_COMPONENT_A_BIT; colorBlendAttachment.blendEnable = isBlendingEnabled; colorBlendAttachment.srcColorBlendFactor = VK_BLEND_FACTOR_SRC_ALPHA; colorBlendAttachment.dstColorBlendFactor = VK_BLEND_FACTOR_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA; colorBlendAttachment.colorBlendOp = VK_BLEND_OP_ADD; colorBlendAttachment.srcAlphaBlendFactor = VK_BLEND_FACTOR_ONE; colorBlendAttachment.dstAlphaBlendFactor = VK_BLEND_FACTOR_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA; colorBlendAttachment.alphaBlendOp = VK_BLEND_OP_ADD; VkPipelineColorBlendStateCreateInfo colorBlending{}; colorBlending.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_PIPELINE_COLOR_BLEND_STATE_CREATE_INFO; colorBlending.logicOpEnable = VK_FALSE; colorBlending.logicOp = VK_LOGIC_OP_COPY; colorBlending.attachmentCount = 1; colorBlending.pAttachments = &colorBlendAttachment; 
See images below. The color blending works as expected, rendering out a vertex colored quad with an alpha of one, but the clear color 0.1f, 0.0f, 0.1f, 0.0f is not respected as it should be either clear or black.
https://preview.redd.it/n0v68qqwm83b1.png?width=932&format=png&auto=webp&s=b44b717bee348578104450a0a3613a97ad1bd173

https://preview.redd.it/81k4p6bym83b1.png?width=932&format=png&auto=webp&s=e6f67d4d49440476408b69beac1db911fcb6abdd

https://preview.redd.it/sic53aizm83b1.png?width=932&format=png&auto=webp&s=9e25b5c65119a93de7acbf3bd73f09f65630229d
submitted by Yaazarai to vulkan [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 18:50 micktalian The Gardens of Deathworlders (Part 23)

Part 23 Oh, So Many Horrors (Part 1) (Part 22)

"So, let me see if I got all of this right." General Andrews held up his notepad and adjusted his reading glasses as he quickly glanced over what he had written down. "The red and brown crabs are fascists who will eat you as soon as talk to you, the little gray men are slavers who genuinely believe they own you by default, and there's some kind of eldritch horrors that just float around in space and consume any biomass they detect? And that's just who's in the local area?"

"Yes. And also, there are Bandari, the… uh… frog pirates who steal things and kidnap people as their chosen profession." Considering how this was all for the benefit of the General, as well as Mik, Tarki was doing her best to speak in English and mimic the neutral accent Andrews had been using.

"Almost forgot about them." The General turned a page back on his notepad to read what he had written down about the flamboyant reptilians the golden avian had described at the very beginning of the presentation. "But they don't seem anywhere near as bad as the rest."

"That's because they're not." Msko chimed in, the translated voice in Andrews's ear features hints of boredom as the War Chief nonchalantly sat on a table a few paces away. "You can actually have a conversation with 'em sometimes. But they could still be a serious threat to Sol and Earth if an entire fleet showed up for a raid."

"But your fleet could handle them, right?" General Andrews shot back with a tone that implied he already knew the answer. Receiving only a bored smile and nod as an answer, he continued. "Well, isn't that just convenient for you? It seems that without your fleet, we Earthlings would be completely at the mercy of an uncaring at best, and outright hostile at worst, galaxy full of horrors."

Though the General shot Msko a snide look, the War Chief simply shrugged and nodded towards Tarki for her to explain.

"To a certain degree, that is correct. However, if it were not the Nishnabe Confederacy performing the initial security and evaluation of this system, who are members of your own species might I mention," Tarki let that fact hang in the air for a second before continuing, "it would have been either the Qui’ztar Fifth Matriarchy or the Nukitov Unified Coalition's Second Sphere, neither of which are… as nice or familiar as the Nishnabe."

"Yes, yes, I've already had the pleasure of a conversation with Fleet Admiral Atxika." Andrews half snorted as he thought about how brazen and confident that woman was towards him. "She was not what I would consider a friendly person."

"Atxika is from the Third Matriarchy, not the Fifth, and is actually quite kind if you show her the proper amount of respect. She has been an Admiral for nearly 20 years, after all. The Fifth Matriarchy, on the other hand, are… culturally far more aggressive and far less tolerant of disrespect. The Nukitovs, as a species, just really like to fight and will take any excuse to do so." Tarki pressed a few buttons on her data tablet and triggered a large hologram of the Milky Way galaxy to appear with hundreds of divided up sections. With a few more commands, Tarki caused the map to zoom in on a familiar area vaguely familiar to the General. "This is the pre-Ascension exclusion zone around the Sol System, which has a roughly 750 light-year radius. As you can see, it sits squared between the patrol sectors of the Third Matriarchy and the Second Sphere. Until your species reaches galactic standards of technology, one of them would have provided security in and around your star system, assuming you didn't already have exceptionally competent cousins capable of doing so."

"You all just assume we are incapable of defending ourselves?" Though he was now aware of the major threats Earth, Mars, and the rest of the solar system faced, the General couldn't help but feel like this was all too convenient. Or, more specifically, that there was some critical piece of information being left out.

"That isn't an assumption, General. It is a fact." Though the expression on the avian's face was unfamiliar to the human, he could still tell she was being deadly serious. "Your people have yet to independently develop active shielding, your standard firearm-based weapons are incredibly inefficient, and the most advanced technology native to this system is the FTL drive Mikhail developed, which is still highly experimental. The only other technology at or above galactic standards would be the mechanized combat walker suits that Mikhail also owns."

"Don't forget about my ship." Mik chimed in from the corner of the room he and Tens were smoking in. "Not the 'dewbi, but the one NAN's buildin' for me."

"How in the hell did you get access to alien technology already?" The General actually had hints of jealousy in his voice as he turned in his chair and fully redirected his attention towards the Martian.

"I bought the mechs, and the ship was a gift." The beard man shrugged then took a long drag off of Tens's somewhat small and short pipe.

"Bought? Gift?!?" General Andrews's jealousy was now mixed with anger. "So MarsGov was given access to alien weapons of war? And neither the US nor UN-E were given that same opportunity? That-" Before the rant could start, Msko cut General Andrews off.

"No, those are Mik's personal property and he has agreed not to take full possession of them until we can get all of this drama sorted out. However, humanity as a whole will absolutely have full access to the most advanced technologies in the galaxy, some of which we have developed ourselves, once we feel we can trust you." Msko was starting to get annoyed by how the General was treating everything as a threat despite the War Chief's best efforts to help him understand the situation. "We genuinely had the intention of gifting you, our long separated but never forgotten cousins, a fleet of dozens of ships, vast amounts of resources and production capabilities, and all of the knowledge and wisdom we have acquired over the centuries. However, the governments of Earth have proven they cannot be trusted yet, especially your government."

"And MarsGov can be trusted?" The General scoffed at the implication that he or his military couldn't be trusted but their primary adversary could be.

"I didn't say that, did I?" Msko shot back with a dismissive chuckle. "No offense Mik, but there are a lot of very angry people in your government. And they seem to be almost completely incapable of forming any kind of consensus, except in the face of the most extreme and pressing issues. I am not in the habit of giving potentially-violent agitators access to technologies that could be used for mass destruction."

"Fair enough." Mik chuckled as he let out a cloud of smoke which was quickly absorbed by the nearby air vent. "There's a reason I don't talk to my pops anymore. If I let him have access to my mechs, he'd make your life hell, Rob."

"And what exactly were your plans with the equipment you acquired, Dr. River?" General Andrews ignored the overly personal way Mik had just addressed him and focused on his more pressing concerns. "Be completely honest with me, how much land were you gonna try to take back?"

"None! I swear!" Mik's smile had suddenly vanished as his medium tan became slightly pale. "I just wanna see the stars and have some mech-fighting competitions, man, not start a goddamn war! Hell, if anythin' I'd just buy the fuckin' land back."

"You really expect me to believe that?" Though the General flat out refused to accept the concept of 'mech-fighting competitions' with military hardware, the Martian looked about as honest as a person could.

"Look man, there're aliens right there!" Mik motioned towards Tarki at the front of the room and then at Binko who was silently perched next to Tens. "No offense, you two. But damn, General, how can yah still be thinking about the bullshit between UN-E and MarsGov when there's a literal alien who just explained to yah the kinda shit that's just waiting to kick down our door?"

"My job is to protect American interests, first and foremost." The General retorted while folding his arms in a show of indifference which Msko took offense to.

"And wouldn't it be in your country's best interest to not let greedy business people undermine your future among the stars?" Msko blurted out with a genuinely shocked and frustrated tone. "Look, we aren't here to tell y'all how to live your lives or force you to be any sort of way. We just don't want to see our cousins become the next Arnehilians!" The War Chief almost shouted that last sentence before pausing for a moment to calm himself and continuing. "I don't give a fuck about your corporations as long as they aren't enslaving people, building autonomous combat-AI without proper oversight, or pulling some other illegal bullshit like that. I don't want to see my people’s homeworld get quarantined by Military Command because y'all can't act like responsible adults and treat people right."

"Alright, boys," Tarki quickly interjected with a motherly, if exhausted, tone in a desperate attempt to avoid the one thing she had been leaving out, "let's bring it down a bit. The gravity of this Deathworld is stressing me out enough, I don't need the pouting and yelling making it worse. Your species is still very young and there are many fresh wounds between your diverse peoples. Please, take a moment to reflect on that fact and think about the kind of relationship you want to have with each other while I take a moment to rest."

The General’s eyes watched carefully as Binko sprang from his perch and was instantly at his wife's side to support her in their walk towards a door that led outside. Their slow and awkward gait, though somewhat human-like, was almost concerning to the hardened veteran as each step looked like a struggle. As soon as the pair were through the door and it had closed behind them, the General turned towards the other men and spoke in a surprisingly compassionate manner.

"Is she alright?" The genuine way the question was asked caught all three of the men in the room off guard.

"Yeah, yeah, Earth just has pretty high gravity for a Kroke." Tens was the first to break through the shock of Andrews's concern and tried to explain as simply as he could. "Their species evolved on a planet with around 6.2 meters per second squared of gravity and the galactic standard for interspecies ships and stations is only 4 m/s2."

"Ah, is that why she referred to Earth as a Deathworld? Our gravity is relatively high?" There was something in Andrews's eyes that seemed to imply he had no intention of continuing the official discussion until the neutral diplomat returned.

"Well, Earth is classified as a Class 17 Deathworld, but it's more than just the gravity." Tens reached up to press the lens he was wearing then brought his hand back down and began making very slight and subtle gestures. "Hold on a second, let me bring up the official GCC classification…. Nope, I was wrong. It was updated to a Class 18, basically the very limit of what the Center of Xenology predicted was possible for Ascended life to evolve on. Between the extreme weather patterns, highly destructive geological activity, commonality of lethal diseases, and hyper-competitive and violent food web, it's a miracle our species survived long enough to independently develop space flight."

"Ah, it's not that bad." Andrews chuckled like a weathered old gentleman in response. "Sure, you may be freezin' in the winter and meltin' in the summer in some places. But there's a lot of really nice places too."

"I've heard Hawaii's beautiful year-round, but it's an active volcano." Mik commented then took another puff off of Tens's pipe before passing it back to the Nishnabe next to him. "Same thin' with California, 'cept they got earthquakes that'll topple buildin's instead."

"A little lava and shaking ain't the end of the world. I swear, you Matrians got it made in the shade with your climate controlled stations and colonies." The seasoned General couldn’t stop himself from letting out a bit-too-friendly of a laugh. Something about this entire interaction so far, though somewhat intimidating, simply felt so personal to him, in a good way, that he found himself relaxing after catching a whiff of the smoke pouring from the pipe. "Oh, and by the way, is that Virgina Cherry tobacco I'm smelling?"

"No, but it's better." Mik quickly answered while Tens and Msko looked at the General and then towards the pipe in Tens’s hand with mildly confused expressions. "It's got that same kinda flavor, but it's sweeter, richer, and smoother. Hands down, the single best mix I've ever tried."

"It doesn't have any of that Martian stanky shit in it, does it?" Andrews's retort had just the right amount of friendly sarcasm to put a smirk on Mik's face.

"Nah, I got that right here." The Martian shot the General a cheeky wink and partially pulled a metal cigar tube from a purpose-built pocket sewn into his jacket. "I figured you'd be a square and I didn't wanna be that guy. But it seems we got ourselves a connoisseur with refined tastes."

"I haven't partaken in the green vice since I was in high school." Andrews let out such a sincere and hearty laugh that put a smile on the faces of the three other men. "But I do find myself drawn to the sweet smoke of good tobacco mix on occasion."

"Would you wanna try some?" Tens interjected with the question the General had been waiting for. "It would be an honor to share sema with you, General."

"Wait, hold on." Msko interrupted with a somewhat serious tone. "You're a high ranking military officer, right?"

"Why, yes. In fact, I am the highest ranking officer in the US Army and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff." Andrews responded with just a hint of confusion before Msko's smile suddenly grew incredibly wide.

"Well, in that case, we should use my pipe." The War Chief quickly followed up. "Tens has great taste in smoke, but his choice of utensil leaves a lot to be desired. A person of your status deserves something special!"

Mik and General Andrews watched with bated breath as the War Chief reached into his large, finely decorated leather satchel and pulled out a smaller, but still quite long, leather pouch covered in micro-bead designs. The slow and reverential process of taking out the pipe bag, removing the carefully stowed stem and head, then assembling the two pieces was almost ritualistic in nature. The bulky head made of a metallic stone carved into an effigy of an eagle's head on the front, tomahawk blade on the bottom, and bowl at the top was perfectly complemented by the long, thick dark-wood stem decorated with more micro-beads, intricate silver inlays, and a variety of feathers. While Mik could do nothing but stare, General Robert Andrews was thrown back to a very particular and cherished memory from his early childhood.

"If only my great-grandfather were still here to see that." Andrews had a genuinely pleasant expression as he reminisced. "His grandfather was a member of one of the Chippewa nations and a pipe maker, but as a mixed grandkid, he didn't have enough blood quantum to enroll. I remember all the stories he used to tell me about how happy he was working in his grandfather's workshop and helping with the beading. But also how sad he was that he couldn’t really participate in the rest of the culture."

"I didn't know you were Native, Rob!" Mik instantly blurted out while both Tens and Msko once again had confusion written all across their faces. "And Nish, too!"

"Well…" There was clear hesitation from the General, both at how Mik had addressed him and how to explain this in front of the Nishnabe warriors. "If my great-grandpa wasn't Native enough to enroll, I can hardly call myself Native now, can I? I don't know the language, practice the culture, or even really know much. It's just a small part of my genealogy."

"Meh, blood quantum is stupid." The Martian retorted with a scoff while Msko and Tens locked eyes with deeply concerned looks. "If you have a real ancestral connection and you actively try to embrace it, that's what's important."

"What is 'blood quantum'?" Tens finally broke his silence and tried to repeat the phrase in English. As he leaned over slightly and tossed Msko his tobacco pouch, he was visibly struggling with what his translator had said to him. "My translator is contextualizing it as… uh… well, it doesn't makes sense to me."

"Hold on a second." Msko quickly interjected after catching the pouch with his left hand, then placing it over his heart and closing his eyes for a moment. The room was silent for the few seconds it took the War Chief to say a silent prayer to his ancestors before he opened his eyes, began packing the bowl, and continued. "Ok, so, what is this 'blood quantum' bullshit and why does it sound so exclusionary?"

"That's because it is." Mik plainly admitted. "It was part of the attempt to at genocide and some of the Tribes ended up internalizing it. I try not to judge other Tribal governments and the vast majority have moved on to lineage now. But there were a lot of people who couldn't enroll and lost all connection to their Tribe and culture because of that."

"But that doesn't really answer my question." Msko wasn't quite glaring at Mik, though the look on in those neon green eyes was quite serious. "What does the 'quantity of Native American blood' even mean? How can part of your blood be from a certain culture but the rest isn't? That's not how biology or social systems work."  "Well… uh…" Mik was struggling to think of a way to explain this without giving a lecture longer than the presentation they had just sat through, which prompted the General to explain for him.

"What I'm about to say is off the record and is my personal opinion, not official policy of the United States Army or government." Andrews looked over at Msko with a very particular expression that was immediately understood. After the War Chief pressed a few buttons on his wrist, he casually crossed the short distance between himself and the General, and offered him the pipe with a knowing nod. "Thank you, I truly appreciate this. Now, if I say the words 'integration' and 'assimilation', how does your translator contextualize them?"

"Integration is something like accepting other people and their cultures while assimilation is forcing others into your…" Msko suddenly looked as if he was have a realization that he really didn't like. "Oh… and let me guess, the United States has a policy of assimilation, not integration."

"Well, the word assimilation doesn't exist in any of our official policy statements. And, again, if you try to quote me on this I'll deny it." The General paused for a moment to pull out his US Army branded lighter, bring the pipe up to his lips, and take an experienced puff. Allowing the smoke to linger in his mouth before inhaling slightly, he continued speaking while smooth smoke tumbled out of his mouth. "But Dr. River is right about both about this absolutely delicious tobacco and the genocide of Native Americans. And, to be completely honest with you, the irony of that statement is palpable. When Europeans first contacted Native Americans and were introduced to tobacco, they didn't integrate the traditional understanding and use of tobacco. No, what they did with tobacco is the same thing that happened with the damn near everything else here, it was assimilated into European practices and cultures without any consideration for the local people."

"To be completely fair, Rob," Mik chimed as he and Tens walked over and formed a smoking circle with the General and the War Chief, "Europeans have done that all across the world, not just the Americas. And I'd say it wasn't just the Europeans neither. There're bastards all over the world who think they have the right to force people to be a certain kinda way. Shit like that just ain't right."

"So, blood quantum was a way to forcefully assimilate Native Americans?" Tens asked while watching the General respectfully passing the pipe back to Msko.

"In short, yes." Andrews had a genuinely remorseful expression on face as the War Chief took a puff off the pipe and passed it Tens. "Up until the disbandment era, the US government recognized Native American Nations as sovereign, dependent nations. However, in the first couple hundred years of this country's history, there was a requirement that any enrolled member of a Native Nation must have a certain portion of their heritage associated with a specific Nation to be recognized by the US government. It was usually between a half and a quarter, meaning at least one parent or grandparent had to be full blood, to enroll. Some Nations changed that rule when they were given the opportunity, but not all of them. I believe some of the Tribal governments on Mars still use blood quantum to a certain degree, though I'm sure Dr. River will correct me on that."

"Nah, you're right, and it pisses me off!" Mik's tone and expression showed how bothered he was by the continued use of this exclusionary practice. "Blood quantum was just the colonizer's attempt to breed us out of existence. Like, I try not to judge other Tribes and how they run their governments, but some shit just makes me mad. When I see a person who lives by the Teaching and honors their ancestors get denied enrollment, or, even worse, when a supposedly full blood Native thinks they're better than me just cuz my ma was Ukrainian, it just makes my fuckin' blood boil."

"This whole concept is confusing the hell out of me." Tens spoke up while passing the pipe to Mik. "I can understand cultural differences and people losing touch with their ancestors' culture, and thus forming a new culture. Or, a person leaving one cultural group and joining another. But I just don't understand how people can divide each other based on genetics when our species is one of the most homogenous in the entire galaxy. And that isn't just within the Nishnabe. The medical report I just looked up shows all of us on Earth, Mars, and Shkegpewen are between 99.6 and 99.9 percent identical on a genetic level."

"That's cuz it ain't genetic, man, it's goddamn skin color." Mik replied after taking a moment to really examine the smoking utensil in his hand and taking a long drag. "I'm Citizen Potawatomi and my Tribe's blood quantum was initially determined by some drunk White guy who couldn't tell the difference between a tan and skin tone. Fucker decided that some parents and grandparents were less Native than their kids cuz the kids had been outside and runnin' around all summer and adults had been spending alotta time inside."

"Oh, that is so fucking stupid." Msko blurted out while rubbing the bridge of his nose. "So, someone looked at you, a person who is trying to speak the language, practice the culture, and live by the Teachings, and said, 'I'm better than you cuz I'm darker'? I would smack the ever-loving shit outta anyone who said that to me. There are Hi-Koth, Kyim'ayik, and a few other species that live with us and follow the Teachings better than Tens here while still practicing their traditional cultures. And we absolutely consider them as full citizens of the Nishnabe Confederacy regardless of what they look like, where they're from, or their specific cultural practices."

"In theory, that is kind of how the United States is supposed to work as well." The General spoke up while Mik passed him the pipe. “We’re supposed to accept anyone and everyone. However, historically, that has come at the cost of a person's traditional cultural identity. People here aren’t British or Chinese or Nigerian, they’re Americans. All of them. For good or bad, we try to be accepting of everyone and have largely moved past things like skin color as a means of dividing people. In the 2050s, there were even reparations given out to the descendants of former slaves, and that kicked off about 100 years of healing the racial divides in America. It really is a shame that the tribes were disbanded about 50 years ago because, besides that, this country really has come a long way towards becoming who we should have been this whole time.”

“A corporate-State run for the benefit of the ultra-wealthy?” Mik’s snarky remark caused the General’s eyes to roll with annoyance while taking a drag off the pipe.

“I said, ‘in theory’, damn it!” The sarcastic chuckle Andrews let out was the only thing that stopped Msko from lambasting Mik for the snide remark.

There was progress being made, official or otherwise, and the War Chief didn't want inappropriate jokes or comments to ruin that. As the General took a puff off the pipe, still chuckling to himself as he did so, Msko felt his wrist-mounted communicator begin to vibrate. Though he didn't want to upset the flow of this positive interaction, he trusted that his orders to only disturb him if there was an emergency were being followed. With a sharp chirp-like whistle, he drew the group's attention to his now flashing communicator and pressed a button to activate it.

"Report." The War Chief barked with a deepened voice.

"War Chief, we have a situation at the South East gate of the facility." A feminine voice answered. "There is a growing crowd of people at the south gate to the facility, including some reporters."
submitted by micktalian to HFY [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 18:33 Perfect_Ad_8790 Justice League VS Avengers

The fight will take place on earth.
last team standing wins.
Each team is given 3 months and 4 days of prep time with info on all of their opponents on the opposite team.
The Justice league will have the following on their team.
Superman, Batman, Wonder woman, Aqua Man, Barry Allen, Green lantern, Martian Manhunter, Black Canary, Green Arrow, Ray Palmer, Hawkman, Hawkgirl, Elongated Man, Lobo, Zatanna, John Constantine, Phantom Stranger, Spectre, Red Tornado, Firestorm, Hank Heywood, Vixen, Gypsy, Vibe, Billy Batson (Captain Marvel/shazam), Booster Gold, Ted Kord, Mr Miracle, Dr. Light (Hoshi), Big Barda, Maxwell Lord, Kent Nelson, Captain Adam, Rocket Red (Pushkin), Fire, Ice, Huntress, Question, Linda Strauss, Orion, Light Tray, General Glory, Wild Cat, Tasmanian Devil, Jay Garrick, Maxima, Bloodywynd, The Ray, Ryan Kendall, Agent liberty, Animal man, Wally West, Power Girl, Metamorpho, Crimson fox, Raven, Blue Beatle, Blue Ray, Silver Sourceress, Maya, Major Disaster, Triumph, Kater Hol, Atom smasher, Obsidian, Amazing man (Will Everett III), L-Ron, Jayna, Zan, Mystek, blue devil, Ice Maiden, Kyle Reyner (White Lantern), Tomorrow Woman, Aztec (Falconer), Barbra Gordon, Conner Hawke, Steel, plastic Man, Zauriel, Hippolyta, Hourman (Matthew Tyler), Jade, Mark Anteaus, Jesse Chambers, Walter West, Moon Maiden, Dick Grayson, Faith, Entrigan, John Stewart, Manitou Raven, Sister superior, Cold Cast, Cassandra Cain, Naif Al-Sheikh, Manitou Dawn, Firehawk, Ambush bug, Super Chief, Bulleteer, Black Lightning, Roy Harper, Geo-force, Super girl, Congorilla, Mikaal Thomas, Guardian, Mon El, Donna Troy, Starfire, Cyborg, Godiva, August General in Iron, David Zavimbe, Kevin Kho, Element Woman, Mera, Ryan Choi, Deadman, Andrew Bennett, Black Orchid, Loose Cannon, Hourman (Richard Tyler), Jean-paul Valley, Geist, Damage, Tim Drake, Joe Public,Bronze Tiger, Thunder bolt, Dolphin, Lion hart, Osiris, Seneca, Freddy freeman, Snapper Car, Sargon the sorcerer, Golden Eagle, Captain Comet, Sue Dibny, Adam Strange, creeper, Kilowog, Yazz, Oberon, Catherine cobert, Hannibal Martin, Dale Gunn, Toy Master, Resurrection man, Tempest, Tattooed man (Richards), Ragman, and Swamp thing, Vigilante, ETC.........
FYI there are at least 50-80 more members if not more in the Justice league just got tired of typing
Avengers will have the following on their team
Ironman, Thor, Hulk, Captain America, Black Bolt, Hawk Pym, Wasp, Antman, Hawkeye, silver surfer, Scarlet witch, Dr. Strange, swordsman, Spiderman, Hercules, Black panther, vision, Black night, Black widow, Mantis, Beast, Moondragon, Hell cat, Two Gun kid, Wonder man, Caral Danvers, Falcon, Tigra, She hulk, Spectrum, Star fox, Namor, Doctor Druid, Mockingbird, War Machine, Thing, Moon Knight, Firebird, Demolition man, Gilgamesh, Mr. Fantastic, Invisible Woman, U.S. Agent, Quasar, Human Torch, Sersi, Stingray, Rage, Machine Man, Living Lightning, Julia Carpenters Crystal, Thunder strike, Dark hawk, Justice, Firestar, 3D man, Silver Claw, Jack of hearts, Lionheart, Luke cage, wolverine, Sentry, Echo, Ares, Amadeus cho, Jocosta, Spider woman, Valkyrie, Sharon Carter, Nova, Eric O'Grady, Iron Fist, Jessica Jones, Noh-Var, Thunderbolt Ross, Daredevil, Storm, Quake, Captain Britain, Flash Thompson, Cannonball, Manifold, Shang-chi, Captain universe, sunspot, smasher, Hyperion, Black Bolt.
submitted by Perfect_Ad_8790 to whowouldwin [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 16:20 instazoomde Tipps und bewährte Verfahren, um Ihre Privatsphäre und Sicherheit auf Instagram zu schützen

Tipps und bewährte Verfahren, um Ihre Privatsphäre und Sicherheit auf Instagram zu schützen
In einer zunehmend vernetzten Welt ist es von entscheidender Bedeutung, unsere Privatsphäre und Sicherheit in sozialen Medien zu wahren. Instagram, eine der beliebtesten Plattformen, erfordert besondere Aufmerksamkeit, um die eigene Privatsphäre zu schützen. Hier sind einige wichtige Tipps und bewährte Verfahren, die Ihnen dabei helfen können, sicher auf Instagram zu bleiben.

  1. Überprüfen Sie Ihre Kontoeinstellungen: Gehen Sie in die Einstellungen und stellen Sie sicher, dass Ihre Kontoprivatsphäre aktiviert ist. Dadurch können nur bestätigte Follower Ihre Beiträge sehen.

  1. Seien Sie vorsichtig mit dem, was Sie teilen: Denken Sie zweimal darüber nach, welche Informationen Sie öffentlich preisgeben. Vermeiden Sie die Veröffentlichung sensibler Daten wie Ihrer Telefonnummer oder Ihrer Wohnadresse.

  1. Verwenden Sie starke Passwörter: Wählen Sie ein Passwort, das aus einer Kombination von Buchstaben, Zahlen und Sonderzeichen besteht. Vermeiden Sie leicht zu erratende Passwörter wie Geburtsdaten oder Namen.

  1. Aktualisieren Sie regelmäßig Ihre App: Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie immer die neueste Version der Instagram-App verwenden, um von den neuesten Sicherheitsfunktionen und -verbesserungen zu profitieren.

  1. Seien Sie vorsichtig mit Drittanbieter-Apps: Gewähren Sie Drittanbieter-Apps keinen uneingeschränkten Zugriff auf Ihr Instagram-Konto. Überprüfen Sie die Berechtigungen sorgfältig und verwenden Sie nur vertrauenswürdige Apps.

  1. Melden Sie verdächtige Aktivitäten: Wenn Ihnen etwas Ungewöhnliches auffällt, wie verdächtige Nachrichten oder unautorisierte Zugriffsversuche, melden Sie dies sofort an Instagram.

Indem Sie diese Tipps und bewährten Verfahren befolgen, können Sie Ihre Privatsphäre und Sicherheit auf Instagram gewährleisten. Bleiben Sie wachsam und schützen Sie sich selbst, während Sie die Vorteile dieser beliebten sozialen Plattform genießen.

Siehe Einzelheiten: https://instazoomde.wordpress.com/2023/05/31/wie-man-auf-instagram-sicher-bleibt-tipps-und-bewahrte-verfahren-zum-schutz-ihrer-privatsphare-und-sicherheit/

#instazoom #instazoomde #instagramzoom


https://preview.redd.it/tcpvbdn9w73b1.jpg?width=940&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=23e9fe7146100ffc3a9b24b1553c8ce07c01d9df
submitted by instazoomde to u/instazoomde [link] [comments]


2023.05.31 14:33 kornychris2016 Web of Spiderman quest for full run update

Web of Spiderman quest for full run update
Emptied out a few LCSs $1 bin. Eventually ill start going for the keys. I don't want to order online. I want to do the whole run strictly from buying from LCS or Comic Cons.
I'm 99 comics away from a full run.
submitted by kornychris2016 to comicbookcollecting [link] [comments]